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LTO Exam reviewer 2021 for professional level

This LTO exam reviewer(2021) is intended for professional license applicants for light vehicles. This reviewer is taken directly from LTO website so this is accurate based on the theoretical exam given during your application.

If you are looking for non-prof material, head to this link.  You can also download the PDF file HERE.

LTO exam reviewer 2021 for professional drivers:


1. Having a driver’s license is a:
Answer: Privilege

2. A Public Utility Vehicle can only be driven by a holder of a:
Answer: Professional Driver’s License

3. A steady red cross (“X”) in tollways means:
Answer: You cannot drive through this lane

4. Drivers of public utility vehicles are prohibited from:
Answer: Overcharging fares and fast taximeters and cutting trip or going beyond authorized line

5. To avoid confusion to other road users, after changing lanes, finishing a turn and overtaking, the driver should:
Answer: Make sure your signal light turns off after changing lanes, overtaking and finishing a turn

6. The license of a Public Utility Vehicle driver who refuses to convey passengers shall be:
Answer: Confiscated and suspended

7. What documents must you carry along whenever you drive a FOR HIRE vehicle?
Answer: Driver’s license, certificate of registration, current official receipt of payment of the vehicle registration and valid franchise.

8. Driving under the influence of alcohol is one of the major causes of vehicular accident because when a driver is drunk, he is:
Answer: Arrogant, talkative and doesn’t have the judgment and the reflexes to perform things safely

9. At rotundas or roundabouts which of the following vehicles have the right of way?
Answer: Vehicles within the rotundas or roundabouts

10. A pre-trip inspection should be completed:
Answer: Before operating the motor vehicle

11. The vehicle you are driving is stalled on a two-way (opposite direction) highway, you should place the Early Warning Device (EWD):
Answer: 4 meters at the back and front of the stalled vehicle

12. When a heavy fog occurs, you should:
Answer: Park at a rest area or vehicle stop until the
fog has lifted

13. When may you drive off of the paved roadway to pass another vehicle?
Answer: Under no circumstances

14.It is illegal to park:
Answer: within 4 meters of a fire hydrant and within 6 meters from the intersection

15. Before making a turn, the driver should use the turn signal at what distance?
Answer: 30 meters

16. Whenever you are driving and you have to make or answer a call on your cellular phone you should:
Answer: Pull over on the side of the road at a safe location to answer or make a call

17. When are you permitted to double park?
Answer: Never

18. When taking any medicine, you should:
Answer: Consult your doctor about the effects before driving

19. You are preparing to exit an expressway, when should you start reducing speed?
Answer: Immediately upon entering the deceleration lane

20. It is not considered safe driving on an expressway when a driver of a motor vehicle:
Answer: Change lanes without signaling

21. Describes the thinking of a defensive driver?
Answer: Considers what other drivers might do and is preparing to do

22. At an intersection with traffic signals, if you are not in the proper lane to make a right or left turn you should:
Answer: Continue to the next intersection to make the desired turn

23. What should you do when you are driving at night?
Answer: Make sure you are driving within visibility range of your headlight so you can stop in an emergency

24. When you are parked at the side of the road at night, you must:
Answer: Warn others by turning on your 4-way emergency flashers

25. What is not a good trait of a driver?
Answer: Driving recklessly and under the influence of alcohol or drug

26. Chances of being hurt or killed while driving are reduced if one is wearing:
Answer: Seat belts

27. Road accidents can be avoided and minimized if the driver:
Answer: Knows and obeys traffic signals, rules and regulations

28. A flashing yellow light means:
Answer: Slow down and proceed with caution

29. When do you have to make a full stop?
Answer: At a red traffic light

30. In order to meet one’s social responsibilities of caring for others on the road, a good driver should:
Answer: Always exercise care for pedestrians and other road users

31. While driving with maximum speed and you have to stop suddenly, you should:
Answer: Apply your brakes gently with steady pressure

32. The proper hand signal for a left turn is:
Answer: Left arm straight in horizontal position

33. If two vehicles approach or enter an intersection at approximately the same time, which vehicle has the right-of-way:
Answer: The vehicle on the right

34. The most effective way to deal with a tailgater is to:
Answer: Slow down and let him pass

35. A driver while on a highway, business or residential areas, shall yield the right-of-way to:
Answer: Pedestrian

36. When can you lend your driver’s license?
Answer: Under no circumstances

37. Seatbelts must be worn by children aged:
Answer: 7 years and above

38. Steady green light at an intersection means:
Answer: It is the turn of the vehicle on the other side to stop and pedestrians are not allowed to cross the pedestrian lanes

39. Traffic jam can be prevented if you:
Answer: Keep opposing lanes open

40. Signs that are triangular in shape and with a red colored border are called:
Answer: Cautions or warning signs

41. Signs that are round, inverted triangle or octagonal with red colored border are called:
Answer: Regulatory signs

42. What affects your visibility while driving at night?
Answer: Defective and dirty headlights

43. When approaching a flooded area and you have to go through it, what should you do?
Answer: Proceed at a very slow speed

44. When driving at night, you should:
Answer: Always turn your headlights on

45. A driver on a highway shall yield the right-of-way to:
Answer: Police/fire department vehicles and ambulance when such vehicles are on emergency call

46. Ignoring traffic lights could:
Answer: Involve you in fatal accident

47. What is the proper attitude of a good driver?
Answer: Follow the traffic laws, rules and regulations

48. What should you do when approaching a pedestrian lane?
Answer: Stop and yield to pedestrians

49. A flashing red light means:
Answer: You must stop and then go only when it is safe to do so

50. It is considered as one of intentional violation?
Answer: Driving against the flow of the traffic and Overtaking in the shoulder or sidewalks

51. This traffic sign states directions and distances?
Answer: Informative signs

52. A “cross buck” sign means you are approaching a:
Answer: Railway crossing

53. The Traffic light or signal that tells you to stop before the intersection is:
Answer: Steady Red Light

54. A traffic signal light that warns you that the red light is about to turn on:
Answer: Steady yellow light

55. The traffic signal light that means you can go if the intersection is clear:
Answer: Steady green light

56. This traffic sign warns you that school children may be present in the vicinity:
Answer: Pentagon

57. Before entering any intersection and you can see traffic coming from your left and right, you should:
Answer: Stop

58. A driver must not park or stop at the side of the road with a “STOP SIGN” or a traffic control signal because it reduces visibility for other drivers, especially when it is within:
Answer: 6m

59. A driver ________________ park or stop at the side of the road within 6 meters of a crosswalk because it reduces the visibility of pedestrians to other drivers:
Answer: Should not

60. If you are backing up in a straight line, turn and look behind you over your shoulder at:
Answer: Right

61. If in doubt while at an intersection, one must:
Answer: Yield to the right-of-way

62. If another car enters the intersection at the time you do and it is on your right, you must:
Answer: Yield

63. If the driver is turning left, he must:
Answer: Yield to approaching vehicles

64. When making a U-turn, which of the following is not permitted?
Answer: When it would interfere with other traffic

65. Keeping one`s distance lessens the risk of accident. One good Rule is to leave a car length or:
Answer: 2-second rule

66. On the expressway, if a driver tries to drive slower that the traffic, he is a hazard to the cars:
Answer: Behind

67. In case of a breakdown, which of the following should not be done by a driver?
Answer: Walk or hitchhike for help

68. if you are the first to arrive at the scene of an accident, which of the following should you do:
Answer: Offer all reasonable assistance

69. On long drives, you should be awake and alert. If you are tired or very sleepy, you should:
Answer: Park at the designated bay of the road and take a few minutes` nap

70. Drivers have to make decisions:
Answer: Continuously as they drive 71. When you intend to drive slower than the other vehicle, you should use the:

71. When you intend to drive slower than the other vehicle, you should use the:
Answer: Outermost (right) lane

72. It is not a safe place to overtake to:
Answer: an intersection and when approaching a bridge or a curve

73. At an intersection with no traffic signals, two cars approach at right angles to each other, which driver must yield?
Answer: The driver who gets there last

74. At an intersection with no traffic signals, two cars approach at right angles to each other, which driver has the right-of-way?
Answer: The car on the right

75. What hand signal must a driver give when he wants to stop?
Answer: Left arm held down and hand pointing at the ground

76. What hand signal must a driver give when he wants to turn right?
Answer: Left arm bent at elbow, hand pointing up

77. What hand signal must a driver give when he wants to turn left?
Answer: Left arm held straight horizontally

78. According to RA 9994 (Expanded Senior Citizens Act of 2010) how much is the Fare discounts granted to Senior Citizens?
Answer: 20% of the prescribed fare

79. Who are entitled to fare discounts?
Answer: Senior Citizens and students

80. What should you do if you are requested by a law enforcer to stop?
Answer: Stop and show your driver’s license and other documents if asked by the law enforcer

81. If you are involved in an accident, what should you do?
Answer: Notify the nearest hospital and notify the nearest police station

82. If a passenger left some personal belongings in your vehicle, what should you do?
Answer: Surrender the belongings to the nearest authority

83. The driver of a public utility vehicle has full responsibility to:
Answer: Passengers and their belongings

84. What is the meaning of ‘Yellow Box’ in the middle of the intersection?
Answer: Keep the intersection open

85. Wearing of slippers while driving is:
Answer: Not allowed at all times

86. The disciplined and careful driver:
Answer: Shows respect to other road users at all times

87. Being passed is a normal part of driving and should not be taken as an insult to one’s ability. While being overtaken, a driver must:
Answer: Pull the vehicle to the right, slow down and make it easy for the other vehicle to pass

88. In traffic direction and control, when both the traffic lights and traffic enforcer are directing traffic, which will you follow to avoid confusion?
Answer: Traffic enforcer

89. If you were apprehended for Disregarding Traffic Sign (DTS), what will you do next time so that you will not be apprehended for the same violation?
Answer: Drive your car according to the required speed and read traffic signs carefully

90. You are driving on a two (2) lane road. A vehicle coming from the opposite direction decides to overtake. Judging by his
speed and his distance from you, he will not make it and he is on a head on collision course with you. What will you do?
Answer: Reduce your speed right away and pull over to the right shoulder of the road

91. In order to avoid being apprehended for violation of failure to convey passenger to proper destination, what is the right thing to do?
Answer: Strictly follow your authorized route

92. Driving in heavy rains can be extremely dangerous because of zero visibility. What should you do?
Answer: When you cannot see more than 20m in front of you, turn on your hazard lights/headlights and look for a safe place to park

93. When making a right turn, you must:
Answer: Stay on the outermost lane of the road then signal your intention to turn right at least 30 meters before you intend to make your turn

94. When you intend to turn right or left, signal your intention at least
Answer: 30 meters before you intend to make your turn

95. At an intersection with a traffic light, make a left turn only when:
Answer: The green light is on and there is a left turn sign

96. While you were driving on the highway, you noticed that a lot of passengers are waiting, yet you still have 3 remaining passengers inside your jeepney, what will you do?
Answer: Convey all your passengers up to their destinations

97. It refers to an act penalizing person under the influence of alcohol, dangerous drugs, and similar substances, and for other purpose.
Answer: R.A. No. 10586

98. It refers to the act of operating a motor vehicle while the driver’s BAC level has, after being subjected to an ABA test, reached the level of intoxication as established jointly by the DOH, the NAPOLCOM and the DOTC.
Answer: Driving under the influence of alcohol

99. It refers to alcoholic beverages classified into beer, wine and distilled spirits, the consumption of which produces intoxication.
Answer: alcohol

100. It refers to the equipment which can determine the BAC level of a person through testing of his breath.
Answer: Alcohol Breath Analyzer

101. A driver of a private motor vehicle with a gross vehicle weight not exceeding 4500 kg. a BAC level of ___________ or higher shall be conclusive proof that said driver is driving under the influence of alcohol.
Answer: 0.05%

102. It refers to standardized tests to initially assess and determine intoxication.
Answer: Field Sobriety Test

103. It refers to measure of amount of alcohol in a person’s blood.
Answer: Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)

104. For drivers of trucks, buses, motorcycles and public utility vehicles, a BAC level of more than _____ shall be conclusive proof that said driver is driving under the influence of alcohol.
Answer: : 0.0%

105. It refers to horizontal or lateral jerking of the driver’s eyes as he or she gazes sideways following a moving object such as pen or the tip of a penlight held by the LEO from a distance of about one (1) foot away from the face of the driver.
Answer: The Eye Test (“horizontal gaze nystagmus”)

106. It shall mean that the LEO has reasonable ground to believe that the person driving the motor vehicle is under the influence of alcohol, dangerous drugs and/or other similar substances upon personally witnessing a traffic offense committed.
Answer: probable cause

107. A driver found to have been driving a motor vehicle whileunder the influence of alcohol, dangerous drugs and/or other similar substances, as provided for under section 5 of this Act, shall be penalized if the violation did not result in physical injuries or homicide with:
Answer: three (3) months imprisonment, and a fine ranging from Twenty thousand pesos (Php20,000.00) to Eighty thousand pesos (Php80,000.00)

108. It refers to any land transportation vehicles propelled by any other power than muscular power.
Answer: motor vehicle

109. It What is the short title of R.A. No. 10586?
Answer: Anti- Drunk and Drugged Driving Act of 2013

110. A type of field sobriety test that requires the driver to walk heel-to-toe along a straight line for nine (9) steps, turn at the end and return to the point of origin without any difficulty.
Answer: The Walk-and-Turn

111. A type of field sobriety test that requires to stand an either right or left leg with both arms on the side. The driver is instructed to keep the foot raised about six (6) inches off the ground for thirty (30) seconds.
Answer: The One-Leg Stand

112. According to the Philippine Clean Air Act of 1999 (R.A. No. 8749),
Answer: Every citizen has the right to breathe clean air.

113. The Road Users Charge Law (R.A. No. 8794) was enacted by the Philippine Congress to serve as basis for.
Answer: Collecting registration fee for motor vehicle

114. When can a driver’s license be lent out
Answer: It must not be lent out.

115. What documents should a driver carry all the time when he is driving?.
Answer: Driver’s license, certificate of registration and official receipt of the latest payment of Road Users Charge from the LTO (CR and OR)